Challenge: Africa’s youth are at a critical turning point.
Today, youth unemployment is one of the most pressing challenges in Africa. According to the World Bank, youths make up 60% of all of Africa’s unemployed. Over the next three decades, about 15 to 20 million young people will reach working age each year. But the lack of proper jobs will increase the unemployment rate each year. Given this, there is an urgent need for an ecosystem that can offer quality jobs as well as matching skills.
While population growth in most areas of the world is projected to slow markedly between 2015 and 2050, Sub-Saharan Africa’s population over this period will double. About 60 percent of Africa’s population is below the age of 25. The populations of Asia and Latin America are already stabilizing, and both regions are relatively advanced in their demographic transition. Sub-Saharan Africa is the only region of the world where the population of rural people, and rural youth in particular, will continue to grow past 2050.
Migration of youth from rural areas to large cities and secondary towns is highly country – and location-specific. In parts of Africa, rural-to-rural rather than rural-to-urban migration is the dominant form of youth migration, though little comprehensive evidence is available to generalize.